Bedbugs was a nightmare and still a nightmare to people all around the world. These blood sucking insects will be commonly found in our comfort resting area, such as sofa, couch, bed and any linen that or furniture near to the area. Heavy infested room may have bedbug hiding in crack and crevices on wall and insides of socket point.
Bedbugs need blood feed to proceed with their lifecycle. A nymph bedbug requires engorgement of blood to shed their skin; Mature adult bedbug need blood feed to reproduce. These insects usually feed in groups, can create lines of dots (bitemarks) around exposed area such as arm, back, sole. Different people may respond to bedbug bite differently. Hypersensitive person may need to take anti-histamine shots to relieve the itchy sensations of bedbug bites.
They are nocturnal and get very stimulated for feeding by body heat and carbon dioxide. In simple means, whenever a person sleeps in a bedbug infested bed, the body heat and air the person is exhaling are basically calling these critters to come out to have a feast! Bedbugs can travel with human from one place to another. Bedbug could have fall into luggage bag, carried by traveller to a new place and therewith establish.
The most prevalence bedbug found in Malaysia is tropical bedbug, Cimex hemipterus. They are reddish- brown in colour, has a dorsal-ventrally flattened, round shape. A female bedbug will produce 150 eggs in her lifetime. Each of them takes 7 -15 days to complete their lifecycle under consistent blood feed.
Where to look for bedbug
Behind picture frame/ mirrors
Behind electrical fixture
Crevices of headboard
In light sockets
In bed, mattress and dust ruffles
Along base boards and in carpets
Inside and under night stands and drawers; In upholstered furniture
Tale-tell mark of bedbug infestation:
Black or brown stains, usually in crevices
Adult bugs about the shape and size of an apple seeds
How to control bedbug?
1. Residual spraying
After thorough inspection, residual spraying will be applied at bedbug common hiding place to kill adults and nymphs. The chemical will also act as barrier to kill nymph that hatched 2 days after treatment. Multiple treatment may be required to better bedbug control in one room. It is advised to quarantine the room for 1 week to ensure that bedbug is being killed. After each treatment, let the chemical dry for couple of hours and perform a thorough cleaning, removing dead bedbug through vacuuming.
2. Physical removal
Vacuum can be used to mechanically remove bedbugs and their eggs along bed frames, carpet edges, head boards, cracks and crevices. It is strongly advised however to use fine vacuum filter during the process. If the removal was done without treatment of any means, the removed bedbug may not be killed during the process; Hence, the sweepings must be carefully contained and freeze-killed before disposing them in a closely tightened plastic.
3. Proofing and sanitation
Change bed linen regularly. This may reduce the chances of bedbug establish on the bed. Regular cleaning can also help to monitor the condition of mattress, checking for early sign of infestation.
After coming back from travelling, one can send clothing for dry cleaning to remove any potential bedbug or its eggs carried along the trip
Seal up crack and crevices in rooms
4. Respond to bedbug incidence and educate the public
When you suspect your living space are infested, please call to your preferred pest control operator for advice and treatment. Our team will respond and arrange a full inspection session in the suspected room as soon as we receive your call.
If you get bitten in cinema halls, hotel and public transport, do not hesitate to respond to the person-in-charge so that further actions can be taken. This will help to prevent bedbug from spreading and causing more damage to the others.